10+2 with Biology as a subject with min. 50% marks
Department of Biotechnology (B.Sc. Biotech)
Biotechnology is a highly interdisciplinary field that combines biological sciences with engineering technologies to manipulate living organisms and biological systems to produce products that advances healthcare, medicine, agriculture, food, pharmaceuticals and environment control.
Biotechnology can be classified into two broad categories:
R&D in Biological Sciences and
The biological sciences aspect deals with research and development in areas such as Microbiology, Cell biology, Genetics, Molecular Biology etc. for understanding the occurrence and treatment of diseases, development of agriculture, food production, protection of the environment and many more. Most of the R&D work in biological sciences is carried out in the laboratory.
The industrial processes aspect deals with the production of drugs, vaccines, biofuels and pharmaceuticals on an industrial scale using biochemical processes and techniques.
Some of the best innovations and developments that have come out of Biotechnology and allied fields are: genomic sequencing technology, natural alternatives to pesticides, production of biofuels and developments in stem cells technology.
Scope of Biotechnology for B.Sc. students:
If you are a B.Sc. student in biotechnology or any other biological sciences related fields, it is highly recommended that you pursue your M.Sc. The job opportunities for B.Sc. graduates in a highly research oriented field as biotechnology is very less and most students tend to pursue their M.Sc. in Biotechnology or a specialized discipline of biotechnology. India is home to some excellent MSc programs such as JNU, DU, IISc, TIFR, IITs etc. With an M.Sc. degree, most students tend to work in research labs and industries as research assistants.
Many M.Sc. students tend to pursue their PhD degrees in Biotechnology or related fields as a PhD degree opens up more avenues both in India and worldwide. A PhD degree will give you the ability to start your own research lab, become a professor or head of the department in universities or be the lead for a team of research scientists. If your goal is to create a niche for yourself in Biotechnology, then your best bet will be to get a PhD.
If you are passionate about improving the quality of people’s lives through research, then this field will fit you perfectly. Since Biotechnology is in its nascent stages in India, many students tend to get disillusioned with the limited opportunities.
However, since the past decade, the Indian government has set up numerous research institutions of national repute conducting research in Cancer Biology, Stem Cells, Genetic Engineering, Biomedical Sciences etc. Therefore, as of 2014, R&D in Biotechnology is improving quite rapidly in India.
Companies, institutions and labs:
Following is a list of companies, universities and research institutions that are renowned in India and worldwide for their work in Biotechnology and allied fields.
IFGL Bioceramics Limited
Jubilant life sciences
Reliance life sciences
CTS life sciences
Universities and research institutions:
IISc, TIFR, JNU, DU, IITs and IISERs
Center for Cell and Molecular Biology (CCMB)
Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)
Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR)
National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS)
CSIR - Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (CSIR-IGIB)
Centre for Stem Cell Research (CSCR)
National Institute of Plant Genome Research (NIPGR)
National Institute of Oceanography (NIO)
National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI)
National Chemical Laboratories (NCL)
National Centre for Cell Science (NCCS)
Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology ( RGCB)
Institute of Microbial Technology (CSIR-IMTech)
MS Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF)
National Institute of Immunology (NII)
AU-KBC research centre